New Mon State Party
Armed wing: Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA)
Founded: July, 1958
Headquarters: Ye Chaung Phya, Mon state
Operational Area: Thaton, Paung, Chaungsone, Moulmein, Hpa-an, Kawkareik, Kyeikmayaw, Mudon, Thanbyuzayap, Ye, Yayphyu, Three Pagoda Pass, Mergui-Tavoy, and Kyar-Inn-Seik Gyi
Estimated strength: 800+ (2,000 reserved)
Mon separatists formed the Mon Peoples Front (MPF). The group was later reformed and renamed as the New Mon State Party (NMSP). Since 1949, the eastern hills of the state (as well as portions of Thaninthaya Division) have been under NMSP control. In 1995, they agreed to a ceasefire with the Myanmar government.
The NMSP tried unsuccessfully to promote constitutional and political reform through the National Convention until 2008. Communications broke down in April, 2010 after refusing to transform into a Border Guard Force (BGF). However the situation did not deteriorate into outright armed conﬂict. Negotiations during the past year led to the renewal of the ceaseﬁre agreement at the state-level and a commitment from the government to negotiate ceaseﬁre agreements with all non-state armed groups before the end of 2012 so that inclusive political dialogue can commence at the Union level.
The Myanmar military originally granted the group nominal control of an area of Mon state spread out over 12 cantonments, largely along the Ye River and two areas to the north in Thaton and Moulmein Districts. In addition they were also given 17 industrial concessions in areas such as logging, fishing, inland transportation and gold mining, and were also allowed to make trade agreements with companies in Malaysia and Singapore.
The Myanmar military recognized the creation of 3 refugee camps along the Thai-Myanmar border. These camps, based at Halochanee, Bee Ree, and Tavoy in Mon state, were supported by the Mon Relief and Development Committee (MRDC) with cross-border assistance from the Thai-Burma Border Consortium (TBBC) - now known as The Border Consortium (TBC)
The Myanmar military originally agreed to supply the NMSP with four million kyat (nearly US $3,500) in economic aid each month for the political body to function, however, this ended in 2005 after the NMSP boycotted the National Convention. A number of other concessions were also later withdrawn, most notably lucrative logging rights that were revoked in 1997 purportedly over the group’s signing of the Mae Tha Raw Hta agreement which had a provision supporting the NLD.
The NMSP fought alongside the KNU and was an active member of a number of ethnic alliance fronts including the National Democratic Front (NDF), the Democratic Alliance of Burma (DAB) and the National Council Union of Burma (NCUB) with the latter two including Burman pro-democracy groups.
On 5th of August 2009, Mon Revolution Day, the NMSP announced that it would not transform its armed wing into a Border Guard Force (BGF).
Central Committee members: 27
Central Military Committee: 7Commander in Chief: Brig. Gen. Layi Gakao
New Ceasefire: Feb. 1, 2012
8th resistance group to sign ceasefire with the new government
Stage 2: Union level peace talks
Previous ceasefire: June 29, 1995
Rejected the BGF scheme: April, 2010
Official delegation team
-official delegation team for outside the country: (Naing Hong Sa, Nai Tala Nyi, Nai Hong Sa Bun Thai)
-official delegation team for inside the country: (Nai Htaw Mon, Nai Rawsa, Nai Tala Nyi, Gen. Zay Ya, Nai Aung Min (S-1), Bri-Gen La Yi Kaung
NMSP's liaison offices opened in 1995 after the NMSP signed a ceasefire agreement with the SLORC. They were closed in April, 2010 after the NMSP rejected transforming into a BGF. All liaison offices reopened one day after the new ceasefire agreement on Feb. 26, 2012. (ceasefire stipulated that offices could only be opened in locations agreed by both sides)
------- information from www.mmpeacemonitor.org -------