Kachin Independence Organization
ကချင်ပြည် လွတ်မြောက်ရေး အဖွဲ့
Armed wing: Kachin Independence Army
Government name: Kachin State Special Region-2
Allies Arakan Army, All Burma Students Democratic Front
Founded: Feb.5, 1961
The KIO’s armed wing the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) is the second largest ethnic armed group in Myanmar. The KIO claims to have 10,000 troops with another 10,000 reservists in the civilian population ready to fight. The KIO generates large revenues from its rich natural resources, which has enabled them to create a powerful army and develop trade centers in several cities along the Sino-Myanmar border. e.g. Laiza, Mai Ja Yang
A 17-year ceasefire, which for many years was the only written agreement that the government had with any armed group, ended less than 3 months after the nominally civilian government took power. The contributing factor was the KIO’s refusal to join the government’s BGF scheme. Construction of the Myitsone dam - the water reservoir would of flooded large tracts of land in KIO-controlled territories - was also a major source of tension. Although the Myanmar state media started started referring to the KIO as an illegal organization from 2009- 2010, the ceasefire didn’t unravel until government troops attacked the KIO’s Sang Gang outpost on June 9, 2011.
Preliminary Peace Talks
# clashes since June 9, 2011: unknown
Previous ceasefire: Feb 24, 1994
Official delegation team
Previously: 22 liaison offices in Kachin and Shan states under the 1994: Myitkyina and Bhamo.
KIO's technical advisory team office is also running as a liaison office.
KIO Justice and Negotiation center
Located: Prang Ngawn village, Loijay Township, Kachin State, Myanmar
KIO's Technical Advisory Team
Located: No. NR/114, Shatapru ward, Myitkyina Township, Kachin State on July 2013
Peace Creation Group
The Peace-talk Creation Group is made up of Kachin businessmen who have been assisting peace talks between the KIO and government. They have been mediating with both sides for scheduling and other arrangements. They also sometimes provide financial assistance for meetings.
The group also has a 7-member official documentation team.
------- information from www.mmpeacemonitor.org -------